The pastoral epistles are a rich source of pastoral wisdom and understanding of leadership within the early church. In this unit students will examine and exegete the three pastoral epistles (1 Timothy, 2 Timothy, and Titus) to consider their impact upon the church. Special consideration will be given to applying leadership insights from the epistles to the modern church environment.

Unit code: BN3909T

Unit status: Approved (New unit)

Points: 18.0

Unit level: Undergraduate Level 3

Unit discipline: New Testament

Proposing College: Trinity College Theological School

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Learning outcomes


Articulate key theological and exegetical points of the Pastoral Epistles.


Evaluate interpretations of themes and theological teachings of the Pastorals.


Identify key exegetical issues of the Pastoral Epistles and draw modern application.


Apply leadership perspectives from the Pastoral epistles to the modern church.

Unit sequence

PreReq: Introduction to the New Testament.


Face to face lectures, and online forums and activities. In person and online tutorials.

Indicative Bibliography

• Aageson, James W. Paul, the Pastoral Epistles, and the Early Church. Library of Pauline Studies. Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, 2008.

• Barentsen, Jack. Emerging Leadership in the Pauline Mission: A Social Identity Perspective on Local Leadership Development in Corinth and Ephesus. Eugene, OR: Pickwick Publications, 2011.

• Fiore, Benjamin. The Function of Personal Example in the Socratic and Pastoral Epistles. Vol. 105. Analecta Biblica. Rome: Biblical Institute Press, 1986.

• Haslam, S. Alexander, Stephen D. Reicher, and Michael J. Platow. The New Psychology of Leadership: Identity, Influence and Power. Hove, UK: Psychology Press, 2011.

• Mappes, David A. “Moral Virtues Associated with Eldership.” Bibliotheca Sacra 160 (2003): 202–18.

• Marshall, I. Howard, and Philip H. Towner. A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the Pastoral Epistles. International Critical Commentary. Edinburgh: T&T Clark, 1999.

• Pietersen, Lloyd K. The Polemic of the Pastorals: A Sociological Examination of the Development of Pauline Christianity. Vol. 264. Journal for the Study of the New Testament Supplement Series. London and New York: T&T Clark, 2004.

• Porter, Christopher Alan. “Pastoral Epistles (1 Timothy, 2 Timothy, Titus).” In T & T Clark Commentary on Social Identity in the New Testament, edited by J. Brian Tucker and Aaron Kuecker. London: T&T Clark, 2019.

• Westfall, Cynthia Long. Paul and Gender: Reclaiming the Apostle’s Vision for Men and Women in Christ. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker Academic, 2016.

• Young, Frances. The Theology of the Pastoral Letters. New Testament Theology. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1994.


Type Description Word count Weight (%)
Forum - Online Forum Participation

Online forum participation

500 5.0
Book Review 750 15.0
Essay 1750 40.0
Essay 2000 40.0

Unit approved for the University of Divinity by Maggie Kappelhoff on 6 Oct, 2020

Unit record last updated: 2020-10-06 16:02:27 +1100